Regardless of whether you are a first-time or an experienced shipper, there are a lot of factors you consider before transporting cargo to delivery destinations. Understanding what is better for your business would bring in benefits in the long run. While moving goods, shippers have to consider several factors to help the goods reach their destination flawlessly. Hence, having the right and accurate information about the entire shipping activities would facilitate every shipper to keep track of the shipments, irrespective of the delivery destinations. One of the most significant factors taken into consideration during cargo transportation is the service methods. The two most common services include Full Truckload (FTL) and Less than Truckload (LTL). Both ftl transport and ltl shipping provide immense advantages, but selecting one service over the other requires thoughtful contemplation. Before knowing which service is ideal, let us quickly discuss FTL and LTL transportation.
FTL and LTL in Cargo Transporation Services
Though we have already talked about ftl transport and ltl shipping in other blog articles, before choosing between these two modes of transportation, a glance at these factors would help. Both ftl transport and ltl shipping are means of surface shipping (through road) methods and should not be confused with Full Container Load (FCL) and Less than Container Load (LCL) that are strictly related to maritime (ocean) transport. FTL transport is suitable for domestic transportation of large and heavy goods that are generally non-fragile. Compared to other services such as ocean and air shipping, FTL and LTL cargo transportation are available at economical rates. As the name denotes, FTL shipping caters to the transportation needs of large goods that require a dedicated truck, while LTL services refer to the shipment of cargo that does not consume the entire space inside the trailer.
FTL transport Vs. LTL shipping
Based on some criteria, we can differentiate both FTL and LTL transportation and help understand when to use FTL services and the FTL method. Let’s check each of these to identify the most suitable means of transport for carrying your shipment.
1. Weight and Size of Cargo
As mentioned above, FTL shipment is most suitable for large and bulkier goods. On the other hand, LTL services for comparatively smaller packages. Generally, there are no rules that establish the dimension limits for these two services. A freight forwarding company can determine the weight and pallet restrictions. However, the standard practice is that an LTL shipping constitutes one to six pallets. It may vary depending on the cargo transportation company a shipper relies upon, as well. Under all circumstances, it should not go beyond ten pallets. Likewise, the weight of the shipment also is considered for using ftl transport and ltl shipping. Alike the pallet restrictions, the maximum and minimum weights also differ according to the cargo transportation services. If a shipment is large and heavy and eats up the entire space of the delivery vehicle, consider using the FTL method for moving goods at cost-effective rates. Yet, if the cargo needs a lot of space and is not heavy, then it is advised to use LTL service to get maximum benefits on pricing as comparatively small shipment attracts less cost only.
Another important consideration for choosing between ftl transport and ltl shipping is the packaging. Typically, the LTL method of cargo transportation is one of the cheapest cargo transportation services. When cargo moves under the LTL, make sure that it gets secured inside a sturdy package. It prevents damages or loss during the transit, along with the other shipments inside the vehicle. Also, proper packaging helps avoid any issues arising out of negligence during handling at the transit warehouses. Apart from this, there is also a possibility for contamination. For instance, when cargo gets transported along with other shipments with an acrid or pungent odour. However, during ftl transport service, there is no such concern as the shipment from a single shipper gets transported in a dedicated vehicle. Further, there is no halt between origin and destination and, the truck carrying cargo moves from pick up to the delivery location at a stretch. As a result, there is also time savings as the shipment gets sent directly.
From the above information, we can infer that LTL is the most economical means of transportation. Typically, in LTL service, the space inside the truck is shared by a handful of shippers. As opposed to ltl shipping, ftl transport attracts more costs as it is a dedicated service carrying only a shipment at a time for a single shipper. Irrespective of the space occupied by the cargo, the costs would be high for FTL. However, some partnerships exist between varied LTL cargo transportation services, and hence the rates are accordingly negotiated. It further proves beneficial from the point of view of shippers. However, the pricing may depend on the cargo transportation company a shipper chooses and certain other deciding factors. There are spot rates and contract rates in shipping and, the market situations also heavily influence the costs. Therefore, the rates a shipper has to pay to consider the time at which shipments get transported. Spot rates are highly inconsistent and may increase or decrease depending on the market conditions. While under contract rates, a freight forwarding company arrives at a price that is being more or less stable.
FTL Transport or LTL Shipping: Which Service Should You Choose
As per the above, a shipper should check for these factors when choosing one shipping service over the other. In the first place comes the shipment weight and volume as per the rule. Pallet delivery carrying six to ten pallets is ideal for ltl shipping and, those above ten require ftl transport. Shippers can always check with the cargo transportation company before entering into the contract. Or else, if shippers want to reduce the burden of costs, it is wise to rely on LTL service for the movement of goods. Thus, cost-sharing gives the benefit in the form of low shipping rates for ground transportation. Unlike FTL service, LTL transport is perfect for cargo that doesn’t require much care or contains sturdy components compared to a delicate shipment with fragile items. The palletised cargo indeed guarantees absolute safety. But if shippers don’t want to make their cargo, send along with other consignments that may pose the risk of contamination and damages from handling at multiple transit hubs, they can, without doubt, select ftl transport.
FTL and LTL shipping from boorna.com
Understanding what is beneficial for the growth of your business would pave for more savings on time and costs. At Boorna.com, we offer plenty of solutions to fix your ground transportation concerns for shipments. Besides ftl transport and ltl shipping, boorna.com offers express transport solutions that provide fast, dedicated transportation that moves with a single shipment from origin to destination without any halts between all types of goods, including time-sensitive cargos. We use an intuitive live quotation calculator to arrive at the right price. Top of all, we don’t charge any hidden costs as we work without any intermediaries. You get the optimised rates for all types of shipments, no matter the places to which your goods get transported.
Book your loads on boorna.com! Hire vehicles for ftl transport or ltl shipping, or express transport; that move incessantly across Europe. We also provide e-Fulfilment, storage service, and eCommerce solutions and forayed into space delivery. Further, earn costs and time savings on all cargo movements as we have partnered with plenty of carriers, not just to make your goods moving but also to keep the costs under control!